Conditions

Scoliosis (Curvature of the Spine)

Scoliosis is the most common abnormal curvature of the spine. It is most common in adolescent females. It also can develop from degeneration as the spine ages or from prior spinal surgery. Scoliosis from a genetic condition frequently runs in families. Small..

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that primarily affects the spine. The disease is characterized by inflammation and resulting stiffness and pain in the joints along the spine. The knee and shoulder joints may also be affected. With ankylosing spondylitis (pronounced ankle-low-zing spond-ill-eye-tis), the inflammation in the joints of the spine will..

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) occurs in many people during the normal aging process, and is often referred to as "arthritis of the back." With age, the discs or "shock absorbers" located between the vertebral bodies lose their elasticity and may cause one vertebral body to collapse down onto another. This collapsed body may compress nerve roots or..

Spondylolisthesis/Spondylolisis

Spondylolysis is a condition in which the there is a defect in a portion of the spine called the pars interarticularis (a small segment of bone joining the facet joints in the back of the spine). With the condition of spondylolisthesis, the pars interarticularis defect can be on one side of the spine only (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral). The most..

Stenosis

Stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal or the foramen, the opening through which nerve roots pass. Stenosis can develop in any area of the spine. Degenerative changes in the spine, a collapsed disc, bone spurs, or cysts can cause the spinal canal to narrow. This narrowing places pressure on the nerve roots and/or spinal cord, often resulting in pain..

Fractures

The type of fracture in the spine that is typically caused by osteoporosis is generally referred to as a compression fracture. A compression fracture is usually defined as a vertebral bone in the spine that has decreased at least 15 to 20% in height due to fracture. These compression fractures can occur in vertebrae anywhere in the spine, but they tend to..

Herniated Discs

There are many different terms used to describe spinal disc pathology and associated pain, such as "herniated disc," "pinched nerve," and "bulging disc," and all are used differently by doctors. Unfortunately, healthcare professionals do not agree on a precise definition of any of these terms, and patients may be frustrated when they hear their diagnosis referred to..

Radiculopathy/Sciatica

From top to bottom down the entire length of the spine, at each spinal level nerves exit through holes in the bone of the spine (foramen) on the right side and left side of the spinal column. These nerves are called nerve roots, or radicular nerves. They branch out at each level of the spine and innervate different parts of our body.For example, nerves that exit the..

Spinal Tumors

Most spinal column tumors have spread from another area of the body (metastatic), with the majority originally coming from tumors in the breast, prostate, kidney, lung or thyroid.These malignant tumors usually produce back pain that does not diminish with rest, and the nighttime pain may be worse than daytime pain. The metastatic tumors are usually..

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that causes destruction of joints in the body. The disease can occur in any joint in the body and is most commonly symptomatic in the small joints in the hands and feet. When rheumatoid arthritis affects the joints in the spine, it is far more common for the neck (cervical spine) to be affected than for the lower..

Osteomyelitis

Vertebral osteomyelitis refers to an infection of the vertebral body in the spine. It is a fairly rare cause of back pain, especially in young healthy adults. Generally, the infection is spread to the vertebral body by a vascular route. The veins in the lower spine (Batson’s plexus) drain the pelvis and provide for a direct route of entry for the bacteria to get into..

Pulled Back Muscle/Strain

The majority of episodes of acute lower back pain are caused by damage to the muscles and/or ligaments in the low back. While a muscle strain doesn’t sound like a serious injury, the resulting lower back pain can be surprisingly severe and is the cause of many emergency room visits each year.There are two common types of lower back strain: A muscle strain..